Title 9. Code of Civil Procedure
Article 2. Structured Settlements
09.60.200. Conditions to transfers of structured settlement payment rights and structured settlement agreements
(a) A transfer of structured settlement payment rights is not effective and a structured settlement obligor or annuity issuer is not required to make a payment directly or indirectly to a transferee of structured settlement payment rights unless the transfer has been approved by a superior court based on the court’s written express findings that
the structured settlement arose from an action filed in Alaska or that could have been filed in Alaska, or the payee of the structured settlement is domiciled in Alaska;
the transfer complies with the requirements of AS 09.60.200 – 09.60.230, other applicable state and federal law, and the orders of any court;
not less than 10 days before the date on which the payee first incurred an obligation with respect to the transfer, the payee has received by certified mail, return receipt requested, or other means that provide a comparable record of delivery, a disclosure statement in bold type, no smaller than 14 points, specifying
(A) the amounts and due dates of the structured settlement payments to be transferred;
(B) the aggregate amount of the payments;
(C) the discounted present value of the payments, together with the discount rate used in determining the discounted present value;
(D) the gross amount payable to the payee in exchange for the payments;
(E) an itemized listing of all broker’s commissions, service charges, application fees, processing fees, closing costs, filing fees, referral fees, administrative fees, legal fees, notary fees, and other commissions, fees, costs, expenses, and charges payable by the payee or deductible from the gross amount otherwise payable to the payee;
(F) the net amount payable to the payee after deduction of all commissions, fees, costs, expenses, and charges described in (E) of this paragraph;
(G) the quotient, expressed as a percentage, obtained by dividing the net payment amount by the discounted present value of the payments; and
(H) the amount of any penalty and the aggregate amount of any liquidated damages, including penalties, payable by the payee in the event of a breach of the transfer agreement by the payee;
the payee has established that the transfer is in the best interests of the payee and the payee’s dependents;
the payee has received independent professional advice regarding the legal, tax, and financial implications of the transfer;
the transferee has given written notice of the transferee’s name, address, and taxpayer identification number to the annuity issuer and the structured settlement obligor and has filed a copy of the notice with the court; and
the transfer agreement provides that any disputes between the parties will be governed, interpreted, construed, and enforced in accordance with the laws of this state and that the domicile state of the payee is the proper venue to bring any cause of action arising out of a breach of the agreement; the transfer agreement must also provide that the parties agree to the jurisdiction of any court of competent jurisdiction located in this state.
(b) If the transfer would contravene the terms of the structured settlement, upon the filing of a written objection by any interested party and after considering the objection and any response to it, the court may grant, deny, or impose conditions upon the proposed transfer as the court considers just and proper under the facts and circumstances in accordance with established principles of law. Any order approving a transfer must require that the transferee indemnify the annuity issuer and the structured settlement obligor for any liability including reasonable costs and attorney fees arising from compliance by the issuer or obligor with the order of the court.
(c) A provision in a transfer agreement giving a transferee power to confess judgment against a payee is unenforceable to the extent the amount of the judgment would exceed the amount paid by the transferee to the payee, less any payments received from the structured settlement obligor or the payee.
09.60.210. Jurisdiction; procedure for approval of transfers
(a) The superior court where the action giving rise to the structured settlement was maintained or could have been maintained or where the payee is domiciled has jurisdiction over an application for approval under AS 09.60.200 of a transfer of structured settlement payment rights.
(b) Not less than 30 days before the scheduled hearing on an application for authorization of a transfer of structured settlement payment rights under AS 09.60.200, the transferee shall file with the court and serve on any other government authority that previously approved the structured settlement and all interested parties a notice of the proposed transfer and the application for its authorization. The notice must include
(1) a copy of the transferee’s application to the court;
(2) a copy of the transfer agreement;
(3) a copy of the disclosure statement required under AS 09.60.200;
(4) notification that an interested party is entitled to support, oppose, or otherwise respond to the transferee’s application, either in person or by counsel, by submitting written comments to the court or by participating in the hearing; and
(5) notification of the time and place of the hearing and notification of the manner in which and the time by which written responses to the application must be filed in order to be considered by the court.
(c) Written responses to the application must be filed within 15 days after service of the transferee’s notice.
09.60.220. No waiver and no penalty
(a) The provisions of AS 09.60.200–09.60.230 may not be waived.
(b) A payee who proposes to make a transfer of structured settlement payment rights may not incur a penalty, forfeit an application fee or other payment, or otherwise incur any liability to the proposed transferee based on the failure of the transfer to satisfy the conditions of AS 09.60.200–09.60.230.
In AS 09.60.200–09.60.230,
“annuity issuer” means an insurer that has issued an annuity contract to be used to fund periodic payments under a structured settlement;
“dependents” means a payee’s spouse and minor children and all other family members and other persons for whom the payee is legally obligated to provide support, including spousal maintenance;
“discounted present value” means, with respect to a proposed transfer of structured settlement payment rights, the fair present value of future payments, as determined by discounting the payments to the present using the most recently published applicable federal rate for determining the present value of an annuity, as issued by the United States Internal Revenue Service;
“independent professional advice” means advice of an attorney, certified public accountant, actuary, or other professional adviser
(A) who is engaged by a payee to render advice concerning the legal, tax, and financial implications of a transfer of structured settlement payment rights;
(B) who is not in any manner affiliated with or compensated by the transferee of the transfer; and
(C) whose compensation for providing the advice is not affected by whether a transfer occurs or does not occur;
“interested parties” means the payee, a beneficiary designated under the annuity contract to receive payments following the payee’s death or, if the designated beneficiary is a minor, the designated beneficiary’s parent or guardian, the annuity issuer, the structured settlement obligor, and any other party that has continuing rights or obligations under the structured settlement;
“payee” means an individual who is receiving tax-free damage payments under a structured settlement and proposes to make a transfer of payment rights under the structured settlement;
“qualified assignment agreement” means an agreement providing for a qualified assignment as provided by 26 U.S.C. 130 (United States Internal Revenue Code), as amended through December 31, 1998;
“settled claim” means the original tort claim or workers’ compensation claim resolved by a structured settlement;
“structured settlement” means an arrangement for periodic payment of damages for personal injuries established by settlement or judgment in resolution of a tort claim or for periodic payments in settlement of a workers’ compensation claim;
“structured settlement agreement” means the agreement, judgment, stipulation, or release embodying the terms of a structured settlement, including the rights of the payee to receive periodic payments;
“structured settlement obligor” means the party that has the continuing periodic payment obligation to the payee under a structured settlement agreement or a qualified assignment agreement;
“structured settlement payment rights” means rights to receive periodic payments, including lump-sum payments, under a structured settlement, whether from the settlement obligor or the annuity issuer, where
(A) the payee or any other interested party is domiciled in the state;
(B) the structured settlement agreement was approved by a court in the state; or
(C) the settled claim was pending before the courts of this state when the parties entered into the structured settlement agreement;
“terms of the structured settlement” means the terms of the structured settlement agreement, the annuity contract, a qualified assignment agreement, and an order or approval of a court, responsible administrative authority, or other government authority authorizing or approving the structured settlement;
“transfer” means a sale, assignment, pledge, hypothecation, or other form of alienation or encumbrance made by a payee for consideration;
“transfer agreement” means the agreement providing for transfer of structured settlement payment rights from a payee to a transferee;
“transferee” means a person who is receiving or will receive structured settlement payment rights resulting from a transfer.